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Les États-Unis d'Amérique

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Forces de police du New York

(Voiture du NYPD, photo Jason Lawrence, 16/07/2019, www.flickr.com, wikipedia)

(Voiture du NYPD, photo Jason Lawrence, 16/07/2019, www.flickr.com, wikipedia)

Abritant la 4ème population la plus nombreuse des États-Unis, le New York se trouve sur la côte Est du pays et accueille la ville la plus peuplée du pays, New York City, qui dispose du plus grand service de police du pays et d'un des plus anciens. 

Jusqu'au début des années 1990, la ville de New York City connaissait une délinquance et une criminalité élevées, accentuée par la pauvreté, la drogue et des gangs dangereux, mais l'arrivée au pouvoir du marie Rudolph Giuliani en 1994 qui a réformé la police et a pris des mesures fermes de punition des délits, a permis de diminuer la délinquance et la criminalité dans les rues de la cité. Parallèlement à cette politique aux apparences fermes, la reprise économique dans la ville a joué un rôle très important dans la baisse des méfaits en créant des milliers d'emplois. 

Dans tout l'État, la sécurité publique repose sur 47 700 policiers municipaux, 7717 sheriffs, 4500 policiers d'État, 1224 policiers d'agences fédérales diverses et 554 policiers universitaires. 

Le plus important service de police est le New York Police Department (NYPD), fort de 36 563 policiers et 16 133 civils; le bureau du sheriff le plus important est le Suffolk County Police Department, qui compte 2518 policiers et 534 civils.

Les forces de police disposent de 15 hélicoptères et les sheriffs en ont 9, tandis que la police d'État aligne 14 hélicoptères et 7 avions légers. Ces dernières années, différentes forces de police du New York ont pu acquérir d'anciens blindés militaires vendus d'occasion par la Defense Logistical Agency, à mesure que l'armée américaine quittait l'Irak et l'Afghanistan : ainsi, les polices municipales ont reçu 16 blindés MRAP Maxxpro, 3 blindés MRAP Caïman, 3 blindés MRAP Cougar, 2 blindés MRAP M-ATV et 1 blindé RG-31. 

Blindés militaires reçus

Force Modèle Quantité
Greenburgh Town PD Caïman 1
Nassau Cty PD Caïman 1
Poughkeepsie PD Caïman 1
Albion PD Cougar 1
Greece Pd Cougar 1
Rensselaer Cty SO Cougar 1
North Tonawanda PD MATV 1
Oswego Cso MATV 1
Albany Cty SO Maxxpro 1
Batavia PD Maxxpro 1
Clinton Cty SD Maxxpro 1
Dutchess Cso Maxxpro 1
Hamburg Town PD Maxxpro 1
Jefferson Cty SO Maxxpro 1
Livingston Cty SO Maxxpro 1
Madison Cty SO Maxxpro 1
New York City PD Maxxpro 1
New York City PD Maxxpro 1
Saratoga Cty SD Maxxpro 1
Steuben Cty SD Maxxpro 1
Suffolk Cty SD Maxxpro 1
Syracuse PD Maxxpro 1
Ulster Cty SO Maxxpro 1
Warren Cty SD Maxxpro 1
Newburgh Town PD RG-31 1

Police Department

Ville Comté Policiers Civils
Albany Albany 293 89
Altamont Village Albany 1 0
Bethlehem Town Albany 38 15
Coeymans Town Albany 3 1
Cohoes Albany 33 2
Colonie Town Albany 118 34
Guilderland Town Albany 39 16
Menands Village Albany 11 3
Watervliet Albany 23 1
Alfred Village Allegany 5 0
Belmont Village Allegany 1 0
Bolivar Village Allegany 1 0
Cuba Town Allegany 5 0
Wellsville Village Allegany 11 1
New York Bronx (+4 autres) 36 563 16 133
Binghamton Broome 131 13
Johnson City Village Broome 38 5
Port Dickinson Village Broome 4 1
Ellicottville Cattaraugus 4 0
Olean Cattaraugus 34 6
Salamanca Cattaraugus 15 0
Auburn Cayuga 56 5
Weedsport Village Cayuga 1 0
Dunkirk Chautauqua 36 1
Ellicott Town Chautauqua 13 0
Jamestown Chautauqua 62 10
Lakewood-Busti Chautauqua 10 1
Westfield Village Chautauqua 6 0
Elmira Chemung 72 10
Elmira Heights Village Chemung 9 0
Elmira Town Chemung 3 0
Horseheads Village Chemung 9 0
New Berlin Town Chenango 1 0
Norwich Chenango 14 0
Plattsburgh City Clinton 45 6
Hudson Columbia 25 5
Cortland Cortland 42 3
Homer Village Cortland 4 1
Colchester Town Delaware 2 0
Delhi Village Delaware 5 0
Sidney Village Delaware 8 0
Beacon Dutchess 35 2
Hyde Park Town Dutchess 15 3
Poughkeepsie Dutchess 89 27
Akron Village Erie 2 0
Amherst Town Erie 152 28
Buffalo Erie 729 179
Cheektowaga Town Erie 117 37
Depew Village Erie 29 6
East Aurora-Aurora Town Erie 16 5
Eden Town Erie 3 1
Evans Town Erie 22 7
Hamburg Town Erie 62 0
Hamburg Village Erie 14 1
Kenmore Village Erie 26 4
Lackawanna Erie 46 7
Lancaster Town Erie 52 15
Orchard Park Town Erie 35 11
Tonawanda Erie 28 6
Tonawanda Town Erie 100 46
West Seneca Town Erie 66 14
Lake Placid Village Essex 13 3
Moriah Town Essex 2 0
Ticonderoga Town Essex 7 0
Malone Village Franklin 13 0
Tupper Lake Village Franklin 8 0
Saranac Lake Village Franklin/Essex 12 0
Gloversville Fulton 35 3
Johnstown Fulton 24 1
Le Roy Village Genesee 7 0
Cairo Town Greene 2 0
Catskill Village Greene 13 2
Hunter Town Greene 3 0
Inlet Town Hamilton 2 0
(Hélicoptère A119 du NYPD, photo Frank from Philadelphia, 28/04/2004, www.flickr.com, wikipedia)

(Hélicoptère A119 du NYPD, photo Frank from Philadelphia, 28/04/2004, www.flickr.com, wikipedia)

(Promotion de policiers du NYPD, photo NYPD Facebook Official Page, 25/06/2021, Facebook)

(Promotion de policiers du NYPD, photo NYPD Facebook Official Page, 25/06/2021, Facebook)

(Navire rapide du NYPD près de Governors Island, photo Station1, 21/04/2011, wikipedia)

(Navire rapide du NYPD près de Governors Island, photo Station1, 21/04/2011, wikipedia)

Frankfort Town Herkimer 3 0
Frankfort Village Herkimer 4 0
Ilion Village Herkimer 18 1
Little Falls Herkimer 11 1
Mohawk Village Herkimer 4 0
Webb Town Herkimer 6 0
Carthage Village Jefferson 3 0
Clayton Village Jefferson 3 0
Watertown Jefferson 67 3
Lowville Village Lewis 6 0
Avon Village Livingtson 5 0
Geneseo Village Livingtson 8 0
Cazenovia Village Madison 5 1
Chittenango Village Madison 2 1
Hamilton Village Madison 4 0
Oneida Madison 25 4
Brighton Town Monroe 38 6
Brockport Village Monroe 15 1
East Rochester Village Monroe 8 1
Fairport Village Monroe 10 1
Gates Town Monroe 31 4
Greece Town Monroe 99 8
Irondequoit Town Monroe 50 9
Ogden Town Monroe 12 3
Rochester Monroe 738 112
Webster Town and Village Monroe 34 4
Amsterdam Montgomery 40 4
Canajoharie Village Montgomery 5 0
Fort Plain Village Montgomery 3 0
Floral Park Village Nassau 34 12
Freeport Village Nassau 99 12
Garden City Village Nassau 51 14
Glen Cove Nassau 52 5
Great Neck Estates Village Nassau 14 3
Hempstead Village Nassau 110 29
Kensington Village Nassau 6 0
Lake Success Village Nassau 24 4
Long Beach Nassau 66 18
Lynbrook Village Nassau 49 0
Malverne Village Nassau 24 0
Old Brookville Village Nassau 26 8
Old Westbury Village Nassau 25 5
Port Washington Nassau 61 8
Rockville Centre Village Nassau 55 9
Lewiston Town and Village Niagara 11 1
Lockport Niagara 49 2
Middleport Village Niagara 4 0
Niagara Falls Niagara 146 18
Niagara Town Niagara 6 1
North Tonawanda Niagara 49 4
New Hartford Town and Village Oneida 20 3
New York Mills Village Oneida 5 0
Rome Oneida 72 2
Sherrill Oneida 3 0
Utica Oneida 162 11
Vernon Village Oneida 1 0
Baldwinsville Village Onondaga 13 1
Camillus Town and Village Onondaga 24 3
DeWitt Town Onondaga 43 3
Geddes Town Onondaga 17 2
Liverpool Village Onondaga 4 0
Manlius Town Onondaga 37 5
North Syracuse Village Onondaga 11 1
Skaneateles Village Onondaga 2 1
Solvay Village Onondaga 13 1
Syracuse Onondaga 403 68
Canandaigua Ontario 24 2
Geneva Ontario 33 2
Blooming Grove Town Orange 15 2
(Voiture du Rochester PD, photo Facebook Official Page, 24/07/2020, Facebook)

(Voiture du Rochester PD, photo Facebook Official Page, 24/07/2020, Facebook)

Chester Town Orange 15 0
Cornwall-on-Hudson Village Orange 3 0
Cornwall Town Orange 9 3
Crawford Town Orange 11 1
Deerpark Town Orange 4 0
Florida Village Orange 1 0
Goshen Town Orange 6 0
Goshen Village Orange 18 3
Greenwood Lake Village Orange 3 1
Harriman Village Orange 7 0
Highland Falls Village Orange 7 3
Middletown Orange 68 13
Monroe Village Orange 19 4
Montgomery Town Orange 13 4
Montgomery Village Orange 4 0
Newburgh Orange 80 12
Newburgh Town Orange 35 11
New Windsor Town Orange 50 12
Port Jervis Orange 31 1
Walden Village Orange 13 3
Wallkill Town Orange 49 1
Warwick Town Orange 33 5
Washingtonville Village Orange 15 2
Woodbury Town Orange 21 4
Albion Village Orleans 13 0
Medina Village Orleans 12 1
Fulton City Oswego 35 1
Oswego City Oswego 46 7
Owego Village Oswego 2 1
Oneonta City Otsego 22 5
Carmel Town Putnam 32 7
Kent Town Putnam 18 5
East Greenbush Town Rensselaer 25 8
Hoosick Falls Village Rensselaer 3 0
North Greenbush Town Rensselaer 18 2
Rensselaer City Rensselaer 28 7
Schodack Town Rensselaer 11 1
Troy Rensselaer 128 10
Clarkstown Town Rockland 164 24
Orangetown Town Rockland 82 7
Ramapo Town Rockland 105 21
South Nyack Village Rockland 6 0
Spring Valley Village Rockland 55 9
Stony Point Town Rockland 25 1
Suffern Village Rockland 21 4
Ballston Spa Village Saratoga 4 0
Saratoga Springs Saratoga 72 14
South Glens Falls Village Saratoga 6 0
Glenville Town Schenectady 24 1
Niskayuna Town Schenectady 27 2
Rotterdam Town Schenectady 42 3
Schenectady Schenectady 161 26
Scotia Village Schenectady 12 1
Cobleskill Village Schoharie 11 0
Seneca Falls Town Seneca 17 2
Waterloo Village Seneca 8 1
Canton Village St Lawrence 11 1
Gouverneur Village St Lawrence 6 3
Massena Village St Lawrence 20 6
Ogdensburg St Lawrence 25 5
Potsdam Village St Lawrence 15 3
(Policiers du Schenectady PD, photo Facebook Official Page, 09/09/2021, Facebook)

(Policiers du Schenectady PD, photo Facebook Official Page, 09/09/2021, Facebook)

Addison Town and Village Steuben 3 0
Bath Village Steuben 10 1
Canisteo Village Steuben 2 0
Corning Steuben 20 4
Amityville Village Suffolk 24 1
Asharoken Village Suffolk 3 0
East Hampton Town Suffolk 66 23
East Hampton Village Suffolk 24 5
Huntington Bay Village Suffolk 4 0
Lloyd Harbor Village Suffolk 12 2
Nissequogue Village Suffolk 1 0
Northport Village Suffolk 17 4
Quogue Village Suffolk 14 1
Riverhead Town Suffolk 87 15
Sag Harbor Village Suffolk 11 1
Shelter Island Town Suffolk 9 1
Southampton Town Suffolk 98 41
Southampton Village Suffolk 32 14
Southold Town Suffolk 49 20
Westhampton Beach Village Suffolk 14 2
Liberty Village Sullivan 18 2
Waverly Village Tioga 9 1
Cayuga Heights Village Tompkins 6 1
Dryden Village Tompkins 4 0
Ithaca Tompkins 63 9
Trumansburg Village Tompkins 2 0
Ellenville Village Ulster 10 0
Kingston Ulster 71 5
Lloyd Town Ulster 11 2
Marlborough Town Ulster 7 2
New Paltz Town and Village Ulster 20 3
Rosendale Town Ulster 1 0
Saugerties Town Ulster 23 4
Shawangunk Town Ulster 4 0
Ulster Town Ulster 23 4
Woodstock Town Ulster 10 0
Chester Village Warren 13 1
Glens Falls Warren 30 2
Cambridge Village Washington 3 0
Fort Edward Village Washington 5 0
Granville Village Washington 5 0
Hudson Falls Village Washington 12 0
Macedon Town and Village Wayne 6 1
Newark Village Wayne 16 1
Ardsley Village Westchester 19 0
Bedford Town Westchester 40 5
Briarcliff Manor Village Westchester 21 0
Bronxville Village Westchester 21 2
Croton-on-Hudson Village Westchester 20 2
Dobbs Ferry Village Westchester 26 2
Eastchester Town Westchester 46 2
Elmsford Village Westchester 22 3
Greenburgh Town Westchester 112 32
Harrison Town Westchester 67 11
Hastings-on-Hudson Village Westchester 19 0
Irvington Village Westchester 22 0
Larchmont Village Westchester 24 2
Lewisboro Town Westchester 3 0
Mamaroneck Town Westchester 36 1
Mamaroneck Village Westchester 50 7
Mount Pleasant Town Westchester 45 6
Mount Vernon Westchester 208 62
New Castle Town Westchester 37 2
New Rochelle Westchester 164 58
North Castle Town Westchester 32 2
Ossining Village Westchester 60 8
Peekskill Westchester 53 9
Pelham Manor Village Westchester 26 1
Pelham Village Westchester 26 3
(Nouvelles recrues du Mount Vernon PD, photo Facebook Official Page, 21/05/2020, Facebook)

(Nouvelles recrues du Mount Vernon PD, photo Facebook Official Page, 21/05/2020, Facebook)

Pleasantville Village Westchester 21 2
Port Chester Village Westchester 62 2
Pound Ridge Town Westchester 1 1
Rye Westchester 36 4
Rye Brook Village Westchester 25 1
Scarsdale Village Westchester 41 5
Tarrytown Village Westchester 32 3
Tuckahoe Village Westchester 23 3
White Plains Westchester 181 9
Yonkers Westchester 598 83
Yorktown Town Westchester 59 9
Arcade Village Wyoming 5 0
Attica Village Wyoming 4 0
Perry Village Wyoming 4 0
Warsaw Village Wyoming 5 0
Penn Yan Village Yates 12 1
(Policiers du Yonkers PD à Halloween, photo Facebook Official Page, 31/10/2021, Facebook)

(Policiers du Yonkers PD à Halloween, photo Facebook Official Page, 31/10/2021, Facebook)

Sheriff Department/Office

Comté Policiers Civils
Albany 146 63
Broome 50 9
Cattaraugus 50 26
Cayuga 29 7
Chautauqua 71 43
Chemung 43 5
Chenango 22 0
Clinton 26 13
Columbia 59 16
Cortland 33 3
Delaware 18 4
Dutchess 105 22
Essex 16 1
Franklin 5 2
Fulton 28 4
Greene 32 2
Hamilton 7 1
Herkimer 6 10
Jefferson 44 14
Livingston 49 26
Madison 40 12
Monroe 277 53
Montgomery 27 21
Nassau 2 357 921
Niagara 109 53
Oneida 102 39
Onondaga 212 43
Ontario 71 57
Orleans 27 14
Otsego 20 2
Putnam 87 21
Rensselaer 37 6
Schoharie 20 15
Schuyler 18 3
St. Lawrence 31 2
Steuben 35 13
Suffolk 271 124
Suffolk Cty PD 2 518 534
Sullivan 57 0
Tompkins 40 4
Ulster 60 23
Washington 40 5
Wayne 72 8
Westchester Public Safety 293 68
Wyoming 31 0
Yates 26 4
(Matériels du Nassau Cty PD, photo Facebook Official Page, 01/07/2021, Facebook)

(Matériels du Nassau Cty PD, photo Facebook Official Page, 01/07/2021, Facebook)

Autres forces de police

Agence Policiers Civils
State Park Allegany Region 12 3
State Park Central Region 15 4
State Park Finger Lakes Region 12 3
State Park Genesee Region 14 2
State Park Long Island Region 59 3
State Park NYC Region 18 4
State Park Niagara Region 30 1
State Park Palisades Region 33 4
State Park Taconic Region 13 0
State Park Thoudand Island Region 13 1
Oneida Indian Nation 34 6
St. Regis Tribal 27 6
NYC Department of Environmental Protection Police 210 33
NYC Metropolitan Transportation Authority 733 69
Onondaga County Parks 1 0

 

Université Policiers Civils
Ithaca College 24 19
SUNY Albany 40 21
SUNY Alfred 12 5
SUNY Binghamton 39 19
SUNY Brockport 16 6
SUNY Buffalo 62 12
Buffalo State College 31 5
SUNY Canton 8 1
SUNY Delhi 12 2
Downstate Medical 20 80
Environmental Science 8 4
SUNY Farmingdale 19 11
SUNY Fredonia 13 1
SUNY Geneseo 16 7
SUNY Maritime 9 6
SUNY Morrisville 12 4
SUNY New Paltz 23 5
SUNY Oneonta 17 10
Optometry 7 10
SUNY Oswego 23 4
SUNY Plattsburgh 14 5
Polytechnic Institute 11 4
SUNY Potsdam 12 3
SUNY Purchase 24 9
SUNY Stony Brook 63 83
Upstate Medical 19 95
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