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Artillerie

(Image wikipedia)

(Image wikipedia)

Artillerie

Dans le parc terrestre de l'US Army, l'artillerie est une force d'appui de l'infanterie et des unités mécanisées, et offre une portée élevée et une puissance de feu importante, capable d'infliger de lourds dégâts à l'adversaire ou de le contraindre à rester caché. Après la fin de la guerre Froide, l'artillerie américaine a été fortement réduite et de nombreuses unités ont été désactivées.

Actuellement, l'US Army étudie le remplacement de son artillerie tractée, dont d'anciens canons M119 et les récents canons M777, et conserve une puissante flotte de véhicules lance-roquettes multiples. En outre, les responsables de l'armée de terre cherchent un nouvel automoteur pour remplacer le vénérable M109, dont une partie du parc a été modernisée en attendant son successeur. 

L'US Army utilise également des blindés chenillés M1064 (dérivés du M113 de transport), avec un mortier de 120 mm installé à l'arrière.

(M109A6 de la 3rd ID, photo Staf Sgt Richard Wrigley, 10/09/2014, www.dvidshub.net, wikipedia)

(M109A6 de la 3rd ID, photo Staf Sgt Richard Wrigley, 10/09/2014, www.dvidshub.net, wikipedia)

M109

État Force Unité Ville M109
Arizona ARNG 1/180th FA Mesa 18
Arkansas ARNG 2/142nd FA Fort Chaffee 18
Belgique ARMY APS Zutendaal 18
Californie ARNG 1/144th FA Burbank 18
Colorado ARMY 3/27th FA Fort Carson 18
Colorado ARMY 3/29th FA Fort Carson 18
Corée du Sud ARMY 1/15th FA Camp Hovey 18
Corée du Sud ARMY APS Camp Carroll 18
Géorgie ARMY 1/41st FA Fort Stewart 18
Géorgie ARMY 1/9th FA Fort Stewart 18
Géorgie ARMY 1/10th FA Fort Benning 18
Géorgie ARNG 1/214th FA Elberton 18
Idaho ARNG 1-148th FA Pocatello 18
Italie ARMY APS Camp Darby 18
Kansas ARNG 1/161st FA Hutchison 18
Kansas ARMY 1/5th FA Fort Riley 18
Kansas ARMY 1/7th FA Fort Riley 18
Kentucky ARNG 2-138th FA Lexington 18
Koweït ARMY APS Cp. Buehring 18
Minnesota ARNG 1/125th FA New Ulm 18
Mississippi ARNG 2/114th FA Starkville 18
New Jersey ARNG 3/112th FA Morristown 18
Ohio ARNG 1/134th FA Columbus 18
Ohio ARNG 1-134th FA Columbus 18
Pays-Bas ARMY APS Eygelshoven 18
Pennsylvanie ARNG 1/109th FA New Castle 18
Qatar ARMY APS Camp As Saliyah 18
Texas ARMY 4/27th FA Fort Bliss 18
Texas ARMY 4/1st FA Fort Bliss 18
Texas ARMY 2/3rd FA Fort Bliss 18
Texas ARMY 1/82nd FA Fort Hood 18
Texas ARMY 3/16th FA Fort Hood 18
Texas ARMY 2/82nd FA Fort Hood 18
Texas ARMY 3/6th FA Fort Hood 18
Texas ARNG 1/133rd FA Austin 18
Texas ARNG 3/133rd FA El Paso 18
Utah ARNG 1/145th FA Riverton 18
Utah ARNG 2/222nd FA Cedar City 18
Utah ARNG 1-145th FA Salt Lake City 18
Utah ARNG 2-222nd FA Cedar City 18
Virginie Occid. ARNG 1/201st FA Fairmont 18
(M777 à l'exercice à Yakima, WA, photo Capt Meredith Mathis, 18/10/2015, www.defense.gov)

(M777 à l'exercice à Yakima, WA, photo Capt Meredith Mathis, 18/10/2015, www.defense.gov)

M777

État Force Unité Ville M777
Alabama ARNG 1/117th FA Andalusia 18
Alaska ARMY 2/377th FA Fort Richardson 6
Alaska ARMY 2/8th FA Fort Wainwright 18
Allemagne ARMY 4/319th FA Grafenwoehr 6
Allemagne ARMY Fire Squad. 2nd Cav Grafenwoehr 18
Californie ARNG 1/143rd FA Walnut Creek 6
Caroline du N. ARMY 2/319th FA Fort Bragg 6
Caroline du N. ARMY 3/319th FA Fort Bragg 6
Caroline du N. ARMY 1-319th FA Fort Bragg 6
Colorado ARMY 2/77th FA Fort Carson 18
Colorado ARMY 2/12th FA Fort Carson 18
Géorgie ARNG 1/118th FA Savannah 6
Hawaï ARMY 3/7th FA Wahiawa 18
Hawaï ARMY 2/11th FA Wahiawa 18
Indiana ARNG 2/150th FA Bloomington 18
Kentucky ARMY 3-320th FA Fort Campbell 6
Louisiane ARMY 5/25th FA Fort Polk 18
Massachusetts ARNG 1/101st FA Borckton 18
Michigan ARNG 1/119th FA Lansing 18
Minnesota ARNG 1/151st FA Roseville 18
Missouri ARNG 1/129th FA Maryville 18
New Hampshire ARNG 1-172nd FA Manchester 18
New York ARMY 2/15th FA Fort Drum 12
New York ARMY 3/6th FA Fort Drum 12
Oklahoma ARMY 2-2nd FA Fort Still 18
Oregon ARNG 2/218th FA Forest Grove 18
Pennsylvanie ARNG 1/108th FA Carlisle 18
Pennsylvanie ARNG 1-107th FA New Castle 6
Rhode Island ARNG 1/103rd FA Providence 18
Texas ARMY 3rd Cav Rgt FA Squ. Fort Hood 18
Virginie ARNG 1/111th FA Hampton 6
Washington ARMY 1/37th FA McChord 18
Washington ARMY 2/17th FA McChord 18
Washington ARNG 2-146th FA Olympia 18
(M119 du 3-6th FA en Irak, 23/12/2005, www.defense.gov)

(M119 du 3-6th FA en Irak, 23/12/2005, www.defense.gov)

M119

État Force Unité Ville M119
Alaska ARMY 2/377th FA Fort Richardson 12
Allemagne ARMY 4/319th FA Grafenwoehr 12
Arkansas ARNG 1/206th FA Russelville 12
Californie ARNG 1/143rd FA Walnut Creek 12
Caroline du N. ARNG 1/113th FA Charlotte 18
Caroline du N. ARMY 2/319th FA Fort Bragg 12
Caroline du N. ARMY 3/319th FA Fort Bragg 12
Caroline du N. ARMY 1-319th FA Fort Bragg 12
Floride ARNG 2/116th FA Lakeland 12
Géorgie ARNG 1/118th FA Savannah 12
Hawaï ARNG 1/487th FA Wahiawa 18
Illinois ARNG 2/122nd FA Chicago 18
Indiana ARNG 1-163rd FA Evansville 18
Iowa ARNG 1/194th FA Storm Lake 18
Kentucky ARMY 1/320th FA Fort Campbell 12
Kentucky ARMY 2-32nd FA Fort Campbell 18
Kentucky ARMY 3-320th FA Fort Campbell 12
Louisiane ARNG 1-141st FA New Orleans 18
New York ARNG 1/258th FA Jamaica 12
Oklahoma ARNG 1/160th FA Chandler 12
Pennsylvanie ARNG 1-107th FA New Castle 12
Virginie ARNG 1/111th FA Hampton 12
Wisconsin ARNG 1/120th FA Wisconsin Rapids 18
(M1064 de la 1st CD près de Bagdad, Irak, photo Specialist Joshua E. Powell, USA, 25/04/2009, www.defenseimagery.mil, wikipedia)

(M1064 de la 1st CD près de Bagdad, Irak, photo Specialist Joshua E. Powell, USA, 25/04/2009, www.defenseimagery.mil, wikipedia)

M1064

État Force Unité Ville M1064
Californie ARNG 1/185th Infantry Colton 4
Californie ARMY 1-11th ACR Fort Irwin 4
Californie ARMY 2-11th ACR Fort Irwin 4
Caroline du N. ARNG 1/120th Infantry Wilmington 4
Caroline du N. ARNG 1/252nd Armor Fayetteville 4
Colorado ARMY 1/67th Armor Fort Carson 4
Colorado ARMY 1/68th Amor Fort Carson 4
Colorado ARMY 1/66th Armor Fort Carson 4
Colorado ARMY 1-10th Cavalry Fort Carson 6
Colorado ARMY 4-10th Cavalry Fort Carson 6
Colorado ARMY 7-10th Calavry Fort Carson 6
Géorgie ARMY 1/64th Armor Fort Stewart 4
Géorgie ARMY 2/69th Armor Fort Benning 4
Géorgie ARMY 3/69th Armor Fort Stewart 4
Géorgie ARMY 2/7th Infantry Fort Stewart 4
Géorgie ARMY 3/7th Infantry Fort Stewart 4
Géorgie ARMY 3/15th Infantry Fort Stewart 4
Géorgie ARMY 4/64th Armor Fort Stewart 4
Géorgie ARMY 5/7th Cavalry Fort Stewart 6
Géorgie ARMY 1/81st Armor Fort Benning 4
Géorgie ARMY 5-7th Cavalry  Fort Stewart 6
Géorgie ARMY 1-16th Cavalry Fort Benning 4
Géorgie ARNG 1-108th Cavalry Atlanta 6
Géorgie ARMY 6-8th Cavalry Fort Stewart 6
Géorgie ARMY 3-1st Cavalry Fort Benning 6
Idaho ARNG 2-116th Cavalry Twins Falls 4
Iowa ARNG 113th Cavalry Sioux City 6
Kansas ARMY 1/18th Infantry Fort Riley 4
Kansas ARMY 2/18th Infantry Fort Riley 4
Kansas ARMY 1/13th Armor Fort Riley 4
Kansas ARMY 2/34th Armor Fort Riley 4
Kansas ARMY 1/16th Infantry Fort Riley 4
Kansas ARMY 3/66th Armor Fort Riley 4
Kansas ARMY 1-4th Cavalry Fort Riley 6
Kansas ARMY 5-4th Cavalry Fort Riley 6
Kansas ARNG 2-137th Infantry Kansas City 4
Kansas ARMY 1-63rd Armor Fort Riley 4
Kansas ARMY 2-70th Armor Fort Riley 4
Louisiane ARNG 2-108th Cavalry Shreveport 6
Minnesota ARNG 1/194th Armor Brainerd 4
Minnesota ARNG 1-94th Cavalry Duluth 6
Minnesota ARNG 2-136th Infantry Moorhead 4
Mississippi ARNG 1/98th Cavalry Amory 6
Mississippi ARNG 2/198th Armor Senatobia 4
Mississippi ARNG 1/155th Infantry McComb 4
Montana ARNG 1-163rd Cavalry Belgrade 4
Nebraska ARNG 1-134th Cavalry  Lincoln 0
New York ARNG 1-101st Cavalry Staten Island 4
New Jersey ARNG 1/114th Inf Rgt Woodbury 4
New Jersey ARNG 2/102nd Cav  Port Murray 6
Ohio ARNG 1/145th Armor Stow 4
Oklahoma ARNG 1/180th Cavalry McAlester 6
Oregon ARNG 3-116th Cavalry La Grande 4
Pennsylvanie ARNG 3/103rd Armor Lewisburg 4
Pennsylvanie ARNG 1-104th Cavalry Johnstown 4
Tennessee ARNG 1-278th ACR Henderson 4
Tennessee ARNG 2-278th ACR Cookeville 4
Tennessee ARNG 4-278th ACR Mount Carmel 4
Texas ARMY 1/6th Infantry Fort Bliss 4
Texas ARMY 1/35th Armor Fort Bliss 4
Texas ARMY 1/37th Armor Fort Bliss 4
Texas ARMY 4/6th Infantry Fort Bliss 4
Texas ARMY 1/77th Armor Fort Bliss 4
Texas ARMY 1/1st Cavalry Fort Bliss 6
Texas ARMY 2/13th Cavalry Fort Bliss 6
Texas ARMY 2/5th Cavalry Fort Hood 4
Texas ARMY 1/5th Cavalry Fort Hood 4
Texas ARMY 1-7th Cavalry Fort Hood 4
Texas ARMY 4-9th Cavalry Fort Hood 4
Texas ARMY 1/8th Cavalry Fort Hood 4
Texas ARMY 2-8th Cavalry Fort Hood 4
Texas ARMY 3-8th Cavalry Fort Hood 4
Texas ARMY 1-9th Cavalry Fort Bliss 4
Texas ARMY 1-12th Cavalry Fort Hood 4
Texas ARMY 2-12th Cavalry Fort Hood 4
Texas ARMY 6-9th Cavalry Fort Hood 4
Texas ARMY 2-7th Cavalry Fort Hood 4
Virginie Occid. ARNG 1/150th Cavalry Bluefield 6
Washington ARNG 1/303rd Cavalry Vancouver 6
Washington ARNG 1/161st Infantry Spokane 4
(MLRS, photo www.strategicbureau.com)

(MLRS, photo www.strategicbureau.com)

État Force Unité Ville MLRS
Allemagne ARMY 1-6th FA Grafenwoehr 27
Arkansas ARNG 1/142nd FA Harrison 27
Caroline du S. ARNG 3-178th FA Lancaster 27
Corée du S. ARMY 6/37th FA Camp Casey 27
Corée du S. ARMY 1/38th FA Camp Casey 27
Dakota du S. ARNG 1-147th FA Watertown 27
Géorgie ARMY 1-39th FA Fort Stewart 27
Oklahoma ARMY 2-18th FA Fort Still 27
Oklahoma ARMY 2-4th FA Fort Still 27
Oklahoma ARMY 3-13th FA Fort Still 27
Oklahoma ARMY 2-20th FA Fort Still 27
Oklahoma ARNG 1-171st FA Weatherford 27
Texas ARNG 2-131st FA San Antonio 27
(HIMARS du 3-27th FA, Fort Bragg, NC, photo www.defense.gov)

(HIMARS du 3-27th FA, Fort Bragg, NC, photo www.defense.gov)

HIMARS

État Force Unité Ville HIMARS
Caroline du N. ARMY 3/321st FA Fort Bragg 18
Caroline du N. ARMY 3/27th FA Fort Bragg 18
Caroline du N. ARNG 5-113th FA Louisburg 18
Colorado ARNG 3-157th FA Colorado Spr 18
Floride ARNG 3-116th FA Arcadia 18
Kansas ARNG 2-130th FA Hiawatha 18
Kentucky ARNG 1-623rd FA Glasgow 18
Michigan ARNG 2-182nd FA Detroit 18
New Hampsh. ARNG 3-197th FA Concord 18
Oklahoma ARNG 1/158th FA Lawton 18
Oklahoma ARMY 1/14th FA Fort Still 18
Tennessee ARNG 1-181st FA Chattanooga 18
Texas ARNG 4-133th FA San Marcos 18
Washington ARMY 5/3rd FA McChord 18
Washington ARMY 1/94th FA McChord 18
Wisconsin ARNG 1-121st FA Milwaukee 18
Wyoming ARNG 2-300th FA Sheridan 18
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